France ratifies law ending the use of CFA franc in West Africa

France has finally ratified a law that ends the use of CFA franc by French colonies in West Africa.

This was disclosed by the spokeswoman for the French government, Sibeth Ndiaye.


“It was during an official visit to Ivory Coast in December 2019 that they (President Macron and French West African leaders) announced a historic reform of monetary cooperation that was to lead to the end of the CFA franc.”

“As the President of the Republic had been able to stress, this symbolic end was to be part of a renewal of the relationship between France and African countries,” she said.

The ratification was done by the French Council of Ministers on Wednesday, according to government officials.

The eight countries using the CFA franc are Benin, Burkina Faso, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger, Senegal, and Togo.

What does this mean?

By this ratification, the eight countries can now go ahead with the transition of the CFA franc into the Eco currency which is expected to be adopted by the entire West African bloc, ECOWAS.

The eight African countries will no longer keep 50% of their reserves in the French Treasury. For several years these colonies of France had their reserves kept in the French Treasury.

The ratification of the law by the French government also means the centralization of foreign exchange reserves of eight West African states with the French Treasury has ended.

There will no longer be a French representative on the currency union’s board.

The CFA is used in 14 African countries with a combined population of about 150 million and $235 billion of gross domestic product.

The new changes will only affect the West African form of the currency used by Benin, Burkina Faso, Guinea Bissau, Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger, Senegal, and Togo – all former French colonies except Guinea Bissau.


In 2019, when President Macron visited Ivory Coast a deal was struck between ECOWAS and France.

The deal was to end financial links between Francophone West African countries and France.

“This is a historic day for West Africa,” Ivory Coast’s President Alassane Ouattara said at the time.

President Macron also said during that meeting that “it’s the end of certain relics of the past. Yes it’s progress … I do not want influence through guardianship, I do not want influence through intrusion. That’s not the century that’s being built today.”

In order to adopt the Eco, West Africa’s monetary union agreed with France under the deal last year to ensure that the Eco will remain pegged to the euro.

For several years the management of Francophone West African countries has been done in France.

Countries within the West African sub-region were expected to start using the single currency, Eco from January this year but that hasn’t happened.

ECOWAS has a combined population of 385 million and was set up in 1975.

It comprises Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo.


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