Africa is the second most populous continent in the world and has several linguistic categories globally, with over 1500 different languages.
Some of these languages are widely spoken across a recognizable area while others also found in the minority and are barely known if not within the spoken area.
African languages form part of four language groups, namely Afro-Asiatic, Nilo-Saharan, Niger-Congo, and Khoisan.
Scientists say they have traced the world's 6,000 modern languages from English to Mandarin back to a single "mother tongue," an ancestral language spoken in Africa 50,000 to 70,000 years ago.
Below are some principal languages spoken on the continent.