• The USS Ralph Johnson sailed near the disputed Spratly Islands, the Navy said, adding in a statement that "unlawful and sweeping maritime claims in the South China Sea pose a serious threat to the freedom of the seas."
  • The operation, one of at least six such operations this year, comes after the US State Department officially rejected most of China's sea claims, declaring its maritime claims and efforts to assert sovereignty to be "unlawful."
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After the US Department of State declared Beijing's maritime claims in the South China Sea and efforts to assert dominance to be unlawful , the US Navy destroyer USS Ralph Johnson further challenged China with a sail-by operation.

The Navy released a couple of photos on Tuesday of the destroyer sailing near the contested Spratly Islands, and a Navy spokesman confirmed that the ship conducted a freedom-of-navigation operation in the area.

The Arleigh Burke-class guided-missile destroyer USS Ralph Johnson (DDG 114) steams near the Spratly Islands in the South China Sea. Ralph Johnson is deployed conducting maritime security operations and theater security cooperation efforts for a free and open Indo-Pacific.
The Arleigh Burke-class guided-missile destroyer USS Ralph Johnson (DDG 114) steams near the Spratly Islands in the South China Sea. Ralph Johnson is deployed conducting maritime security operations and theater security cooperation efforts for a free and open Indo-Pacific.
U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Anthony Collier

"This freedom of navigation operation upheld the rights, freedoms, and lawful uses of the sea recognized in international law by challenging the restrictions on innocent passage imposed by China, Vietnam and Taiwan," the Navy explained in a statement.

The Navy stated that "unlawful and sweeping maritime claims in the South China Sea pose a serious threat to the freedom of the seas."

The US is aligning its South China Sea policy with a 2016 international arbitration tribunal ruling and officially rejecting many of China's claims to the contested waterway, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said Monday .

"Beijing's claims to offshore resources across most of the South China Sea are completely unlawful, as is its campaign of bullying to control them," the secretary said, adding that "the PRC's predatory world view has no place in the 21st century."

While China, Vietnam, the Philippines, Taiwan, Malaysia, and Brunei all have overlapping claims to the strategic South China Sea, China is among the most aggressive in enforcing its claims. Chinese military outposts can be found in both the disputed Paracel and Spratly Islands, despite a 2016 arbitration tribunal ruling that discredited many of China's claims.

Beijing rejected the ruling by the international Permanent Court of Arbitration that made the decision at the request of the Philippines following China's seizure of Scarborough Shoal.

Logistics Specialist 2nd Class Paul Vance, from Lilburn, Ga., assigned to the Arleigh Burke-class guided-missile destroyer USS Ralph Johnson (DDG 114), scans the horizon using a telescopic alidade, July 14, near the Spratly Islands in the South China Sea
Logistics Specialist 2nd Class Paul Vance, from Lilburn, Ga., assigned to the Arleigh Burke-class guided-missile destroyer USS Ralph Johnson (DDG 114), scans the horizon using a telescopic alidade, July 14, near the Spratly Islands in the South China Sea
U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Anthony Collier

Much to China's frustration, the US routinely challenges Beijing's restrictions on innocent passage and excessive claims through regular freedom-of-navigation operations.

The Navy has conducted at least six such operations this year alone, as well as multiple presence operations. The Air Force also routinely conducts bomber overflights in the region.

Earlier this month, the US sent two carrier strike groups into the South China Sea to conduct dual-carrier operations at the same time the Chinese military was conducting exercises in the area.

In recent months, the US military has stepped up its activities in the South China Sea in response to what the Pentagon described as "increasing opportunistic activity by the PRC to coerce its neighbors and press its unlawful maritime claims in the South China Sea while the region and the world is focused on addressing the COVID-19 pandemic."

Strongly criticizing China's "gangster tactics," David Stillwell, assistant secretary of state for East Asia and the Pacific, stressed at a Center for Strategic and International Studies event Tuesday that the US "will not let China claim the South China Sea as its own," USNI News reported .

China's Ministry of Foreign Affairs called the US statement on the South China Sea "irresponsible," saying that "it violates and distorts international law, deliberately stokes territorial and maritime disputes, and undermines regional peace and stability."

"We strongly deplore and firmly oppose the wrong move by the US and urge it to stop stirring up trouble on the South China Sea issue and stop continuing down the wrong path," foreign ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian said Tuesday.

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