Top 10 most ethnically diverse countries in Africa

Diversity is a defining feature of Africa. Albeit not without its complications, it remains one of Africa's greatest strengths, and in its own unique way defines the region's identity. Africa's ethnic variety adds to a diverse cultural environment, with each group adding to the continent's vitality via varied modes of expression.

Top 10 most ethnically diverse countries in Africa
  • Business Insider presents the Top 10 most ethnically diverse countries in Africa. 
  • This list is courtesy of World Population Review, 
  • The list ranks the most ethnically diverse countries in the world and what is really interesting is that the top ten most ethnically diverse countries are all African countries.

As the world becomes increasingly interconnected, it is essential to recognize and celebrate ethnic diversity. Diversity is not simply about having a variety of cultures, but rather about understanding and appreciating the unique perspectives and experiences that each culture brings to the table.

Ethnic diversity is important for many reasons, including promoting creativity, fostering innovation, and aiding in problem-solving. Creativity is enhanced when different cultural perspectives are taken into consideration. People from different backgrounds often have different ideas and approaches to solving problems, which can lead to new and innovative solutions.

Furthermore, when different cultures come together, it can lead to a “cross-pollination” of ideas and perspectives, creating a richer and more vibrant environment. By embracing different cultures and backgrounds, organizations can gain a better understanding of their customers and markets, allowing them to create new products and services that better meet the needs of a diverse population. This can help to keep companies competitive in an ever-changing marketplace. By considering different perspectives and experiences, teams can come up with better solutions to complex problems.


In view of this, it is rather interesting to note that some countries are more ethnically diverse than others. Based on statistics from World Population Review, a data platform in charge of tracking population growth periodically, the majority of the most diverse countries in the world are African.

Below are 10 of the most ethnically diverse countries in Africa by ethnic fractionalization. Fractionalization is a measure of the likelihood that two randomly selected people in a given country will be from two different groups (ethnicities, religions, etc.) or speak two different languages.

Rank Country Fractionalization Probability of diversity
1. Uganda .9302 93.02%
2. Liberia .9084 90.84%
3. Madagascar .8791 87.91%
4. Democratic Republic of Congo .8747 87.47%
5. Republic of Congo .8747 87.47%
6. Cameroon 8635 86.35%
7. Chad 8620 86.20%
8. Kenya .8588 85.88%
9. Nigeria .8505 85.05%
10. Central Africa Republic .8295 82.95%


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