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Dire Reports Macroeconomic indicators have worsened- AGI Business Barometer Report

According to Association of Ghana Industries, businesses ranked the volatile exchange rate performance of the cedi, the protracted energy crisis, and the multiplicity of taxes as the main constraints to business operations in the country.

  • Published:
  play President of the Association of Ghana Industries, James Asare Adjei
play Association of Ghana Industries

Businesses and industry players in Ghana have expressed worry over worsening macroeconomic indicators in the country in the second quarter of 2015.

According to Association of Ghana Industries, businesses ranked the volatile exchange rate performance of the cedi, the protracted energy crisis, and the multiplicity of taxes as the main constraints to business operations in the country.

READ MORE: Poor economy: Business confidence worsen - AGI

In first quarter of 2015, 20 per cent of respondents  were skeptical that the economic situation will turn around in the second quarter of the year whereas 50 per cent were optimistic that the second quarter will be better than the first quarter. President of the Association of Ghana Industries, James Asare Adjei, believes the skeptics  have been vindicated.

READ MORE : Dumsor Chronicles: Mining Companies Forced To Shed Load

Confidence has increased marginally, but it will decline if the poor performance of the cedi and other indicators continues. Their anxiety is still there because they are not sure” he said.

Below is the full statement from the Association of Ghana Industries on the report.  


The Association of Ghana Industries (AGI) expresses serious concern over the dramatic exchange rate volatility and worsening macro-economic situation in the last three months.

Businesses have been under severe pressure from the cedi depreciation, multiplicity of taxes and the power crisis for the second quarter running in the year 2015, according to the latest AGI Business Barometer Q2 report.

The Association reminds the Bank of Ghana and for that matter Government, of the need for macro-economic stability and therefore calls for immediate institution of measures to stabilize the cedi to save businesses from imminent collapse and help boost business confidence in the economy.

Indeed, the Private Sector is reeling under uncertainty in the value of the cedi against major foreign currencies as this affects business planning and consequently causing losses to many businesses.

Association of Ghana Industries therefore draws Government’s attention to key issues making the business community still uncertain about current economic direction and states the Association’s position as follows;

Exchange rate volatility

The high volatility in the exchange rate in the past months has been of great concern to Industry. Cedi depreciation against the US Dollar at the close of June was about 36%.

Within the first two weeks of July, the cedi sharply changed course, appreciating by 21% to the US dollar and has since remained unpredictable. As much as AGI will like to see a strong local currency, the volatility of the cedi as experienced in early July till now, puts transactions denominated in foreign currency at risk.

The sudden drop in the exchange rates also has dire consequences for businesses which operate under a fast depreciating cedi and are holding stocks which need to be re-priced with potential loses. The Bank of Ghana must manage the exchange rate volatility within limits.

Export Drive

With the fundamental structure of the economy basically unchanged and weakening terms of trade (lowering commodity prices, cocoa, gold and oil) there is a worry of a further weakening of the local currency in the medium term as the national debt mounts. Clearly, borrowing from the international markets to support a weakening currency without the corresponding increasing dollar revenues is not sustainable.

This is the reason why every effort should be made to increase exports. The Association is therefore worried about the numerous declines of EDAIF credit applications by its members in the export sector. As a statutory fund, contributed by importers mainly from the Private Sector, AGI is calling for an assessment of the EDAIF fund to enable us have full appreciation of the fund’s support to industry and the export sector.

Multiplicity of taxes

Taxes ranked third among the major challenges businesses experienced in the Quarter 2 business barometer report. At a time that businesses are reeling under the harsh economic conditions, a 17.5% special tax has been imposed on petroleum products.

The situation is worsened by the fact that most businesses are compelled to operate on generators with already high fuel costs even before the introduction of the special tax. Contrary to Private Sector’s anticipation of the withdrawal of the special levy of 2% on imports including raw materials, the last budget statement saw the extension of this levy to 2017, adding up to the cost of doing business in the country. In order to boost production, therefore, duties on imported raw materials for manufacturing should be zero rated, instead of the current 5% to 10% that applies to raw materials.

Power supply

The weakening currency has also had serious impact on our power situation even at a time when oil prices have dropped. Businesses are facing increased costs in fuel usage to run their operations despite a significant drop in oil prices, further making Ghanaian Industries uncompetitive and cost inefficient. On average, industries are paying six times the cost of grid electricity to run on generators and this is not sustainable.

Power supply outlook for the rest of the year looks bleak; with further drop in water level of the Akosombo dam (237.46ft as of August 3, 2015) coupled with the difficulty in sustaining LCO stocks. Any power supply plan for the months ahead should take into consideration the diminishing hydro mix in generation in order to mitigate the prolonged crisis.

AGI reiterates its disapproval of electricity tariff structure where industry continues to subsidize residential power users. Efficient operations of the utility companies and effective collection of bills will save industry from rampant utility hikes.

Finally, AGI is urging Government to quickly cut its expenditure and excessive borrowing to save the economy from further deterioration and restore business confidence.

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