Ghana today joins the rest of the world to mark World Kidney Day with a focus on children.

The theme for today’s advocacy is: ‘Kidney Disease and Children; Act Early to Prevent It!”.

The day is being marked to draw attention to inborn and acquired disorders of kidney in children.

Statistics indicate that ten percent of the world population is documented to be living with kidney related conditions.

Kidney failure occurs when the kidneys no longer remove wastes from the blood or controls salts in the body.

As the world comes together to mark the day, here are some tips on how to spot kidney failure in children.

1.Urinating more often or less often

2. Feeling very tired

3. Losing appetite

4. Getting sick to the stomach or vomiting

5. Have swelling in hands or feet

6. Feeling itchy or numb

7. Having darkened skin

8. Having muscle cramps

Kidney Failure Diagnosis

However, because some ongoing kidney problems do not have obvious symptoms, your child's doctor may find a disorder during routine tests or exams, seattlechildrens.org has said.

The doctor might therefore check the following in your child:

Your child's blood pressure

The amount of a protein called albumin in your child's urine, as that might cause trouble.

The amount of a waste product called creatinine in your child's blood.

Treatment for Kidney failure in Children

Every child has their own form of treatment based on their health and condition.

Doctors say children with sudden (acute) kidney failure often need dialysis treatments until their kidneys begin to work again.

But, children with ongoing (chronic) kidney failure need dialysis or a kidney transplant

Parents are advised to provide children affected with a low-protein diet and to restrict their use of salt to help slow the build-up of wastes in the blood.