The Super Falcons won a ninth continental title out of 11 editions last weekend, beating South Africa on penalties in the Women's Africa Cup of Nations final - and will also face South Korea and Norway at next year's global showpiece event.
Cameroon are drawn in Group E with Canada, New Zealand and the Netherlands.
In other interesting match-ups, England will face neighbours Scotland in Group D, a group which also includes Argentina and Japan.
Defending champions the United States will take on Sweden, Thailand and Chile in Group F, and Jamaica - who are also debutants - will face Australia, Italy and Brazil in Group D.
The 2019 Fifa Women's World Cup will be held in France from 7 June to 7 July, with hosts France facing South Korea in the opening game on 7 June in Paris.