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Migration in Ghana Household incomes inadequate to secure livelihood - report

The report, titled Labour Migration Study in Ghana, covered about 2,831 respondent households in all the 10 administrative regions of Ghana.

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The report, titled Labour Migration Study in Ghana, covered about 2,831 respondent households in all the 10 administrative regions of Ghana. play

Household family


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Adequate incomes and access to social security is indicative of decent working life which could open one’s access to basic healthcare and education.

However, low incomes, insufficient social security and insufficient health care as well as poor state of schools are common problems faced by a large number workers and households in Ghana, a report that studied labour migration in Ghana has found.

The report, titled Labour Migration Study in Ghana, covered about 2,831 respondent households in all the 10 administrative regions of Ghana.

The result shows that for most people, incomes are not enough to sustain their household livelihood.

A greater number (72.5%) of the respondents disagreed or were not sure that incomes were sufficient. Males as well as respondents in rural areas formed the majority of those who think incomes are not adequate to sustain their households’ livelihoods.

The opposite is the case with regard to those who think incomes are adequate.

That is, more urban respondents than rural respondents view incomes to be adequate.

The findings, the report said, point out the low incomes rural households earn due to lack of better and enough income-generating opportunities that will enable them to have improved livelihood in most parts of Ghana.

On access to social security, the survey found that over 56% do not pay for or have access to social security and this is serious among male-headed homes and rural households as compared to female-headed households and urban households respectively.

Pension and healthcare systems are the main social security respondents said they have, with close to 54% having healthcare as against 46% for pension.

Regarding the type of schools 'respondents’ children attend, enrolment rate was slightly higher in public schools than in private schools especially in rural areas and among female respondents.

A great part of the respondents across all groups paid their children’s schools fees mainly from their salaries.

Majority of the respondents were from the southern ecological zone of Ghana, with the major regions being Ashanti (20.4%), Greater Accra (15%), Eastern (11.2%) and Western (10.5%).

The Upper East and West Regions had the lowest (less than 5% each) of the respondents, while the Northern Region is the highest in the northern ecological zone.

The findings suggest that the sample was biased towards some regions (e.g. the two major regions of Ashanti and Greater Accra).

In total, 51 percent originated from urban areas as against 49% from rural areas.

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