Ghana’s Vice President Dr Bawumia explains why the Cedi is depreciating

The Vice President of Ghana, Dr Mahamudu Bawumia, has explained the actual reasons for the cedi’s depreciation against major foreign currencies.

Vice President Dr Mahamudu Bawumia

At a town hall meeting where he addressed matters of the economy, Dr Bawumia said the depreciation of the cedi was not as a result of weak economic fundamentals.

He emphasised that the current economic fundamentals of the country are strong contrary to the opposition National Democratic Congress’ logic that the recent cedi fall must be due to weak economic fundamentals.

“If the fundamentals are weak, the exchange rate will expose you, but if the exchange rate moves you cannot jump into that conclusion that the fundamentals are weak, that defies logic,” he said.

Presenting some data to justify his claim, Dr Bawumia said the exchange rate depreciated by 31.3 per cent in 2014, the fiscal deficit was 10.1 of GDP and public debt rose to 70.2 per cent of GDP, inflation rose to 17 per cent and GDP growth had declined from 7.3 per cent to 4 per cent.

The exchange rate in 2014, he said, exposed the weak economic fundamentals as compared to 2018.

He further stated that at the end of December 2017, the cedi had cumulatively depreciated by 4.9 per cent compared to 9.6 per cent in 2016 and this was the Cedi’s best performance since 2011 at the end of 2017.

He said, “we had the best performance of the cedi since 2011.”

“The data on the annual rate of the cedi in recent years shows that the best performance so far under the NPP government, the 8.4 per cent depreciation of the cedi that we saw in 2018 that the worst performance is better than the best performance under the previous government between 2012 and 2016, so our worst is better than your best.”

Dr Bawumia also stated that the sudden sharp depreciation of the cedi at the beginning of 2019 has largely been reversed without any intervention from the Bank of Ghana.

He noted that “within a week the cedi went up to close to 5.9 to the dollar and then it retreated back to about 5.07 and even was threatening to go below 5. This is really an unprecedented development that you don’t normally ….when the Bank of Ghana had not intervened in the market, in fact, if you look at it at the end of March 2019 the cedi has depreciated by about 5.18 per cent so far this year.”


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