Ghana dropped 6 places in 2019 Financial Market Index, according to Absa

A 2019 Financial Market Index ranking conducted by the Absa Group has shown that Ghana dropped six places to 13 out of 20 countries assessed.

Dr Ernest Addison, Bank of Ghana Governor

According to the report, the drop was due to “low wholesale foreign exchange market turnover” despite making some strides in the area of attractive tax environment.


The Head of Global Market, Absa Regional Operations, George Asante, noted that Ghana’s drop does not necessarily mean that it performed poorly in all the pillars reviewed but rather the rate of reforms undertaken by other countries outpaced Ghana.

He said what should look at is the reforms that the country has undertaken in developing its financial markets over the period.

“For instance, if you look at the individual pillars, you will realise that Ghana shot up especially in Market Depth, Liquidity of instruments issued on the stock Ghana Stock and by government. This is what we should also look at,” he noted.

On concerns that Ghana’s reforms have been a little bit slow, he noted that some of these measures take a little bit of time before they really impact the activities on the local market.

About the Africa Financial Markets Index

The Index tracked performances of financial markets in 20 African countries on six main pillars that are Market depth, Access to foreign exchange, Market transparency and regulation, Capacity of local investors, Macroeconomic opportunity and Enforceability of international financial agreements.

The markets surveyed are; South Africa, Mauritius, Kenya, Namibia, Botswana, Nigeria, Tanzania, Zambia, Rwanda, Uganda, Egypt, Morocco, Ghana, Seychelles, Mozambique, Ivory Coast, Angola, Senegal, Cameroon and Ethiopia.

The Index tracked progress over a period, by supplying a toolkit for countries wishing to build financial infrastructure.

South Africa topped the index due to its sizeable lead in ‘Market Depth’ followed by Mauritius, Kenya, Namibia, Botswana and Nigeria.

According to Absa, there has been significant improvement for the individual countries since the index was first established in 2017. Since then, countries have taken steps to align their local market infrastructure with global standards.

How Ghana fared in the other Pillars

Ghana made some strong showing in at least three out of six pillars that Absa Africa reviewed in the rankings.

For instance, when it came to Pillar three Market Transparency, Tax and Regulatory Environment, Ghana was ranked 5 out of 20 countries ranked in this Pillar with a score of 85 over 100.

This Pillar assessed countries regulatory and tax environment for their financial markets. These factors according to Absa play a fundamental role in offering investors incentives to invest in the financial markets.

Also, on Market Depth, Ghana was ranked seven with a score of 50 over 100.

However, when it came to legality and enforceability which it was ranked 10 with a score of 55 over 100 and with Macro-Economic opportunity, it placed 11 out of the 20 countries reviewed.

With Access to foreign exchange, it was ranked 17 out of 20 countries.


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