Bank of Ghana extends tenors of forex forward auctions after failing to sell its target for the first time

The Bank of Ghana says it has extended the tenors for auctioning the forex (FX) forward rates in the country.

Dr Ernest Addison, Bank of Ghana Governor

This, according to reports is due to reasons that for the first time the central bank failed to sell the entire amount that targeted in its Foreign Exchange Forward Sale.

But the BoG said the move forms part of its measures to rather reduce the demand pressure on the FX spot market.

This demand pressure for immediate or almost immediate delivery of forex was evident in the amounts and tenors of bids presented at the latest FX forward auction held on November 26, 2019, where, instructively, the central bank did not accept most of the bids tendered at the shorter end of the auction profile

The Governor of the BoG, Dr Ernest Addison while commenting on the issue noted that the Bank is extending the profile of the auction tenors that are currently being offered on the FX market.


“We are extending the profile of the rates that are being quoted in that market. It has also helped lifted off the pressure on the spot market that also has probably contributed to some of the stability that we have seen,” he said.

What bidders are interested in

Earlier auctions held point to the fact that bidders are mostly interested in the shorter end of the profile such as the 7-day, 15-day, and 30-day.

This suggests worries over the ability of the central bank to deliver forex over the relatively longer tenors. However, if the BoG had acceded to all those short-tenured bids it would have defeated the core purpose of the forward sales.

From the auction held on November 26, 2019, the central bank will in the coming weeks issue onto the forex market a total of US$ 3,750 million.


A notice from the BoG indicates that bids amounting to about US$ 83.6 million were received from businesses through their dealers and commercial banks against the target of US$ 25 million. However, only US$ 3.75 million were accepted, these being bids that fit the tenor profile targeted by the BoG.

The bids submitted were for 7-day, 15-day, 30-day, and 45 -day tenors. In total, 110 bids were submitted but only 7 of the bids were accepted by the BoG. More bids were submitted in this round compared with the previously held auctions.

Of the 51 bids submitted for the 7-day tenor at US$ 43.38 million, the central bank accepted none of those bids. For the 15-day tenor, US$ 1 million was accepted out of the US$ 24.67 million bid for, while the 30-day and 45-day bids were allotted US$ 1.75 million and US$ 500,000, respectively.


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