No one wants to fall sick. It is very depressing and uncomfortable especially if you have people depending on you. The good news is one can avoid getting sick if they know more

Read on to find out 10 common diseases in how you can avoid being their victim. These are the top 10 common diseases in Ghana and how people can watch out for them.

  • Malaria

This is the most common disease in Ghana. It is also the leading cause of deaths in the country. Causes by the germ called plasmodium which is carried by the female mosquitoes. Since mosquitoes like to breed in stagnant water, make sure you keep your surrounding clean. Also wear clothes that will cover your arms and legs when going out at night.

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  • Common cold

Nasopharyngitis also known as the common cold is a viral infectious disease. It usually affects the nose and the upper respiratory tract. Symptoms are sneezing, sore throat, runny nose and sneezing. In order to avoid this common disease in Ghana, wash your hands regularly and avoid crowded places.

  • Intestinal worms

Most Ghanaians are suffering from intestinal worms. It is known to be one of the common disease. Make sure your food is properly cooked to avoid ingesting their eggs. It is also advised that you deworm at least every 3 months as a control measure.

  • Cholera

Cholera which can be said to be a severe form of diarrhea, is a top 10 common disease in Ghana which kills. Rush to the nearest health center when u see symptoms of diarrhea including vomiting, fever and shivering. Keeps your food and water clean. Also wash your hands with soap especially after visiting the loo.

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  • Diarrhoea

Diarrhoea is one of the common diseases plaguing Ghanaians. A food and water borne disease, one must be very careful with what they ingest to prevent this disease. Keep your food and water under hygienic conditions and wash your hands so you dint contaminate your edibles. Visit the nearest health center as soon as you see symptoms like loose stools, abdominal cramps and fever.

  • Constipation

Whilst others are suffering from loose stools. Some cannot or find it difficult to poop. In some severe cases, surgery is needed to remove the fecal matter from the bowls. Eat fruits and vegetables to prevent getting constipated. Being one of the 10 common diseases in Ghana, you may be exposed to it. Usually caused by a person’s intake of starchy foods and not staying hydrated.

  • Hypertension

Commonly called BP is a very common disease afflicting most Ghanaians. This is usually caused by blocked arteries which puts a strain on the heart. This disease usually carries other deadly diseases on its heels such as heart failure, stroke and myocardial infarction. Avoid eating oily foods especially late at night and right before bed. Incorporate exercise, fruits and vegetables in your daily routine.

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  • Sexual weakness

This evil is known to plague a lot of Ghanaian men. This common disease is a man’s inability to erect or a female with very low libido. Stress is known as a common cause of sexual weakness. Some sort for medical help whilst others choose to improve their diet and exercise more.

  • Rheumatism

Rheumatism affects the muscles and joints, creating dull to severe ache. This is very uncomfortable and tends to leave its victims bedridden. Its best to exercise and keep yourself warm to prevent being attacked by this very common disease in Ghana.


HIV/AIDS was all we talked about, about a decade ago. Even though awareness has reduced, it is still one of the top 10 diseases that kills Ghanaians. Always practice safe sex and avoid using sharp items with others. Also go for regular test to know your status.