Bleeding out of your vagina for seven days each month is already the pits (those crampsthat come with it arent a picnic, either)-but honestly, do you have to suffer from bloating too?
You can thank fluctuations in estrogen levels and a sharp drop in progesterone right before your period. "When estrogen levels are higher, our bodies tend to retain water," says Meggie Smith, M.D., an obstetrician-gynecologist and reproductive endocrinology and infertility fellow at the University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine.
“Progesterone, which is high in the latter half of your cycle, can make for a slower digestive tract, so to speak, which also may not help symptoms of bloating or fullness,” she adds. Basically, it's a bloating double-whammy.
The good news: There are some seriously easy steps you can take to de-bloat during your period.
1. Pick protein- and potassium-rich foods
Fill your plate with ingredients that won’t cause you to puff up. “High-potassium foods like bananas, cantaloupe, tomatoes, and asparagus help promote a good balance of fluids,” says Isabel Smith, R.D., a New York City-based celebrity dietitian and fitness expert. “The same goes for healthy fats like chia, nuts, and salmon. These help lower prostaglandins, the group of hormones that cause bloat and muscle contraction."
Protein is another safe bet-think chicken, fish, and tofu. “Foods that act as natural diuretics like celery, cucumbers, watermelon, lemon juice, garlic, and ginger will also make you feel lighter on your feet, even on your period,” says Sherry Ross, M.D., an ob-gyn and women’s health expert at Providence Saint John’s Health Center in Santa Monica.
2. Stay away from foods that cause gas.
Yep, we’re looking at you broccoli and Brussels sprouts. They may inspire your favorite healthy-eating Pinterest boards, but they also contain a complex sugar called raffinose. Humans lack the enzyme to help break it down properly, which leads to gas and bloat. “Other dietary culprits in this category include beans, cabbage, cauliflower, and lettuce,” says Ross.
3. Don't skip your workout routine.
I get it: Working out is probably the last thing you feel like doing. But experts say getting your heart rate up is one of the best ways to alleviate PMS symptoms-including bloat.
“People who live a more sedentary lifestyle tend to have more sluggish digestive systems,” says Ross. Sweating it out can also help keep you stay regular and reduce constipation. Lighter workouts like swimming and yoga are your best bet, though; high-intensity exercises like Crossfit can actually promote inflammation, which adds to the bloat.
4. Cut back on caffeine and alcohol (just for now).
“Pre-menstrually, alcohol can enhance PMS symptoms like breast tenderness, mood swings, and bloating,” says Bitner. “And coffee can overstimulate the digestive tract and irritate the bowels, not to mention dehydrate you, which causes you to retain water.” Hey, you'll save some serious dough by bypassing your morning latte.
5. Pop an OTC anti-inflammatory.
Ibuprofen and Naprosyn (found in brands like Aleve and Midol) block the chemicals that cause inflammation, and in turn, bloating, says Kelly Roy, M.D., an ob-gyn in Phoenix. “A couple days before your period, take 200 to 400 milligrams every six to eight hours,” she says.
6. Nix the carbonated or sugary drinks.
Chugging fizzy beverages might make you feel better temporarily, but they’ll leave you way more bloated than before, says Smith. The same goes for sugary drinks like Gatorade. “Don’t let brands that use artificial sweeteners fool you-they too cause you to puff up like a blowfish,” says Smith.
Instead, rely on your good buddy water, and aim for eight glasses a day. “Mix in some green, peppermint, or fennel tea to help eliminate inflammatory mediators,” says Ross.
7. Score a little more shuteye.
“Sleep is often impacted by the pain of menstruation, bloating, and feeling out of sorts,” says Roy. It’s during these crucial hours, though, that the excess fluid in your belly is able to move back into the body and be eliminated, she explains. So aim to get eight hours a night-here are tips to help you drift off.
8. Ask your ob-gyn about going on the Pill.
Oral contraception is not only great birth control, it also significantly reduces painful periods and stabilizes hormones, says Roy. “In fact, medical studies have shown that it lowers the effect of PMS by over 50 percent,” she says. That’s some serious incentive.
9. Bring up a diuretic to your doc.
Lauren Streicher, M.D., clinical professor of obstetrics and gynecology at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, sometimes prescribes her patients a mild diuretic to help with bloating.
“It’s one thing to gain a little weight or be bloated, but some women also get really significant breast tenderness because of the water retention and a mild diuretic can be very helpful with that," she says. "It’s definitely not harmful.”
There are also natural diuretics that you may already be consuming on a regular basis, such as caffeine, Streicher says. “Of course, some people don’t do well with caffeine, so I will always tell patients to also drink plenty of water and to never fluid restrict,” she says.
10. Cook at home more often.
I know, the last thing you want to do when your jeans feel too tight and you're gripping your abdomen from period pain is get in the kitchen and cook-but making your own meals can drastically decrease bloating.
“People are often unaware of hidden salt in restaurant meals, as well as in processed foods,” Streicher says. “Of course, that’s why restaurant meals taste so good, but if you do your own cooking you can make sure not to over-salt your food, which can make a huge difference as far as keeping bloating down.”
11. Don't suddenly overdo it on the fiber.
If you're feeling shitty, it might seem like a good idea to load up on as many fruits and veggies as you can-but that tactic might backfire.
Don't get me wrong, it's certainly good to have a variety of fruits and vegetables in your diet, but if you suddenly begin eating them in mass quantities during your period, you may experience increased bloating simply because your body isn’t used to the fiber, says Sara Twogood, M.D., an assistant professor of obstetrics and gynecology at the University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine.