Employment, further studies and family reunion top reasons for migration

The report, commissioned by Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, shows the proportion of households with emigrants is higher in male-headed households (31%) compared to female-headed households (19%).


Almost half (49.7%) of households in Ghana have at least a migrant family outside Ghana.

The other half (50.3%) is likely to be engaged in internal migration, a survey report on labour migration in Ghana has found.

In total, 2831 respondent households in all the 10 administrative regions of Ghana were surveyed and top of the reason for migration were for employment, further studies and family reunion.


More than 4/5 of respondent households’ members had migrated abroad for employment and/or undertake further studies reasons.

In terms of destination, the preferred choice by most emigrants was European countries and the USA.

The choice, the reported noted, may be influenced by economic reasons as they are perceived to have better employment opportunities and good educational facilities for further studies.

Regarding working and living conditions, majority of households had had one complain or the other from emigrant members.

The issue of hard work, high cost of living in host countries and bad conditions of service in host countries were the most complained about. This notwithstanding, most migrants were reported to be better off in destination countries.


Majority were observed to be working in jobs that match their educational and professional background and experience, with most emigrants indeed reported to be holding higher positions than before.


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