Ghana-Ivory Coast Maritime Dispute How the ITLOS ruled in favour of Ghana

The case was filed by Ghana at the ITLOS after Ivory Coast claimed Ghana was exploring oil on its territorial boundaries. 

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The Special Chamber of the International Tribunal for the Laws of the Sea (ITLOS) on Saturday ruled in favour of Ghana in the between Accra and Ivory Coast.

The case was filed by Ghana at the ITLOS after Ivory Coast claimed Ghana was exploring oil on its territorial boundaries. 

Giving the special chamber's ruling on Saturday, Judge Boualem Bouguetaia said the ITLOS unanimously concluded  that Ghana did not violate Ivory Coast's maritime boundary.

Below is how the case was settled based on the arguments of the two parties.

1) Unanimously,

Finds that it has jurisdiction to delimit the maritime boundary between the Parties in   the territorial sea, in the exclusive economic zone and on the continental shelf, both  within and beyond 200 nm.

(2) Unanimously,

Finds that there is no tacit agreement between the Parties to delimit their territorial   sea, exclusive economic zone and continental shelf both within and beyond 200 nm, and rejects Ghana’s claim that Côte d’Ivoire is estopped from objecting to the   “customary equidistance boundary”.

 (3) Unanimously, Decides that the single maritime boundary for the territorial sea, the exclusive   economic zone and the continental shelf within and beyond 200 nm starts at BP 55+  with the coordinates 05° 05’ 23.2” N, 03° 06’ 21.2’’ W in WGS 84 as a geodetic  datum and is defined by turning points A, B, C, D, E, F with the following coordinates  and connected by geodetic lines:

A: 05° 01’ 03.7” N 03° 07’ 18.3” W

B: 04° 57’ 58.9” N 03° 08’ 01.4” W

C: 04° 26’ 41.6” N 03° 14’ 56.9” W

D: 03° 12’ 13.4” N 03° 29’ 54.3” W

E: 02° 59’ 04.8” N 03° 32’ 40.2” W

F: 02° 40’ 36.4” N 03° 36’ 36.4” W

From turning point F, the single maritime boundary continues as a geodetic line   starting at an azimuth of 191° 38’ 06.7’’ until it reaches the outer limits of the  continental shelf.

(4) Unanimously,

Finds that it has jurisdiction to decide on the claim of Côte d’Ivoire against Ghana on  the alleged international responsibility of Ghana.

(5) Unanimously,

Finds that Ghana did not violate the sovereign rights of Côte d’Ivoire.

(6) Unanimously,

Finds that Ghana did not violate article 83, paragraphs 1 and 3, of the Convention.

(7) Unanimously,

Finds that Ghana did not violate the provisional measures prescribed by the Special  Chamber in its Order of 25 April 2015.

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